Theses on Feuerbach

 

thesis on feuerbach

Dec 16,  · Sensuousness, contra Feuerbach, is practical, “human-sensuous activity” VI. Contra Feuerbach, human essence is “the ensemble of the social relations”. Contra Feuerbach, the human individual is not isolated but rather intimately connected to the historical process. The human essence is not merely genus. VII. Karl Marx‘ XI Thesis on Feurebach Karl Marx XI Thesis on Feurebach Source: Written by Marx in Brussels in the spring of , under the title “1) ad Feuerbach”; Marx‟s original text was first published in , in German and in Russian translation, by the Institute of Marxism-Leninism in Marx-Engels Archives, Book I, Moscow. The most widely known version of the Theses is that based on Engels’ edited version, published as an appendix to his Ludwig Feuerbach in , where he gave it the title Theses on Feuerbach; Translated: by Cyril Smith , based on work done jointly with Don Cuckson.


Ludwig Feuerbach - Wikipedia


The chief defect of all hitherto existing materialism — that of Feuerbach included — is that the thing, reality, sensuousness, is conceived only in the form of the object or of contemplationbut not as sensuous thesis on feuerbach activity, practicethesis on feuerbach, not subjectively. Hence, in contradistinction to materialism, the active side was developed abstractly by idealism — which, of course, does not know real, sensuous activity as such.

Feuerbach wants sensuous objects, really distinct from the thought objects, but thesis on feuerbach does not conceive human activity itself as objective activity, thesis on feuerbach. Hence, in The Essence of Christianityhe regards the theoretical attitude as the only genuinely human attitude, thesis on feuerbach, while practice is conceived and fixed only in its dirty-judaical manifestation.

The question whether objective truth can be attributed to human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question. Man must prove the truth — i. The dispute over the reality or non-reality of thinking that is isolated from practice is a purely scholastic question.

The materialist doctrine concerning the changing of circumstances and upbringing forgets that circumstances are changed by men and that it is essential to educate the educator himself. This thesis on feuerbach must, therefore, divide society into two parts, one of which is superior to society.

The coincidence of the changing of circumstances and of human activity or self-changing can be conceived and rationally understood only as revolutionary practice. Feuerbach starts out from the fact of religious self-alienation, of the duplication of the world into a religious world and a secular one. His work consists in resolving the religious world into its secular basis. But that the secular basis detaches itself from itself and establishes itself as an independent realm in the clouds can only be explained by the cleavages and self-contradictions within thesis on feuerbach secular basis.

The latter must, therefore, in itself be both understood in its contradiction and revolutionized in practice. Thus, for instance, after the earthly family is discovered to be the secret of the holy thesis on feuerbach, the former must then itself be destroyed in theory and in practice. Feuerbach, not satisfied with abstract thinking, wants contemplation; but he does not conceive sensuousness as practical, human-sensuous activity.

Feuerbach resolves the religious essence into the human essence. But the human essence is no abstraction inherent in each single individual. Feuerbach, who does not enter upon a criticism of this real essence, is consequently compelled:, thesis on feuerbach.

All social life is essentially practical, thesis on feuerbach. All mysteries which lead theory to mysticism find their rational solution in human practice and in the comprehension of this practice. The highest point reached by contemplative materialism, that is, materialism which does not comprehend sensuousness as practical activity, is contemplation of single individuals and of civil society.

The standpoint of the old materialism is civil society; the standpoint of the new is human society, or social humanity. The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point is to change it. I The chief defect of all hitherto existing materialism — that of Feuerbach included — is that the thing, reality, sensuousness, is conceived only in the form of the object or of contemplationbut not as sensuous human activity, practicenot subjectively. II The question whether objective truth can be attributed to human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question.

III The materialist doctrine concerning the changing of circumstances and upbringing forgets that circumstances are changed by men and that it is essential to educate the educator himself. IV Feuerbach starts out from the fact of religious self-alienation, of the duplication of the world into a religious world and a secular one.

V Feuerbach, not satisfied with abstract thinking, wants contemplation; but he does not conceive sensuousness as practical, human-sensuous activity. VI Feuerbach resolves the religious essence into the human essence. In its reality it is the ensemble of the social relations. Feuerbach, who does not enter upon a criticism of this real essence, is consequently compelled: To abstract from the historical process and to fix the religious sentiment as something by itself and to presuppose an abstract — isolated — human individual, thesis on feuerbach.

VIII All social life is essentially practical. IX The highest point reached by contemplative materialism, that is, materialism which does not comprehend sensuousness as practical activity, thesis on feuerbach, is contemplation of single individuals and of civil society. X The standpoint of the old materialism is civil society; the standpoint of the new is human society, or social humanity. XI The thesis on feuerbach have only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point is to change it.

 

Outline of an Outline: Karl Marx’s “Theses on Feuerbach” | The Sociology Notebooks

 

thesis on feuerbach

 

Dec 16,  · Sensuousness, contra Feuerbach, is practical, “human-sensuous activity” VI. Contra Feuerbach, human essence is “the ensemble of the social relations”. Contra Feuerbach, the human individual is not isolated but rather intimately connected to the historical process. The human essence is not merely genus. VII. Mar 25,  · What is the Theses On Feuerbach about? It seems to me it's a critic of some form of materialism (or is Feuerbach idealism), in which Marx gives his critic of it and what he thinks materialism is about and how it should be employed, but I really don't understand it, maybe it's because I don't thoroughly understand materialism. Theses on its. Marx, Theses on Feuerbach (), p.2 of 3 2 II The question whether objective [ gegenständliche ] truth can be attained by human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question.