How to Teach Addition and Subtraction Word Problems

 

strategies for solving word problems

The school year is off to a roaring start, and this is the year that I figure out how to teach problem solving strategies (and continue making students show their problem solving strategies). Problem solving strategies are pivotal to word problems. In word problems, there are so many words that need decoding, extra information, and. Nov 12,  · Solving word problems relies on using short-term memory to read the problem, decide what is being asked, select numbers, and set up an equation. The steps above are key to lessening the burden on short-term memory. In other words, these rules are most important for students with weaker executive functions or who are anxious about math. Solving math word problems. There are two steps to solving math word problems: Translate the wording into a numeric equation that combines smaller "expressions" Solve the equation! Suggestions: Read the problem entirely Get a feel for the whole problem; List information and the variables you identify.


Study Skills: Strategies for Solving Math Word Problems


Guest post by Kady Dupre. Five of her students are bored with the strategies for solving word problems problems. No one can think clearly with a sense of dread or fear of failure looming! Plans are great, but not when students use them as a crutch rather than a tool. Issue 3: Differentiation Teachers want students to excel quickly and often push too fast, too soon.

In the case of word problems, you have to go slow to go fast. The solution is to conquer math word problems with engaging classroom strategies that counteract the above issues!

Kids and adults are notoriously impulsive problem solvers. When I was in elementary school, this was actually a pretty reliable strategy! But today, kids are asked to solve much more complex problems, often with tricky wording or intentional distractors. Grow flexible thinkers and build confidence by teaching a routine. A problem solving routine simply strategies for solving word problems students to slow down and think before and after solving.

This can be as simple as adjusting the numbers in a problem or removing distractors for struggling students.

Scaffolding word problems will grow confidence and improve problem solving skills by gradually increasing the level difficulty as the child is ready. This is especially effective when you are trying to teach students different structures of word problems to go with a certain operation.

For example, comparison subtraction problems are very challenging for some students. By starting with a simple version, you allow students to focus on the problem itself, strategies for solving word problems, rather than becoming intimidated or frustrated. To develop flexible thinking, nothing is more powerful than analyzing and comparing word problems. Start by using problems that have similar stories and numbers, but different problem structures. Encourage conversation, use visual representations, and have students explain the difference in structure and operation.

Click here to download a blank copy of these problems. My freebie includes several variations to help you differentiate.

Kady Dupre has worked as a classroom teacher, instructional coach, and intervention teacher in elementary grades. She loves creating learning resources for students and teachers. She authors Teacher Trapa blog aimed at sharing her challenges, strategies for solving word problems, successes, and insights as a teacher.

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Secret to Solving Math Word Problems. Hint: It's Not about Math | Mindprint Learning

 

strategies for solving word problems

 

Solving math word problems. There are two steps to solving math word problems: Translate the wording into a numeric equation that combines smaller "expressions" Solve the equation! Suggestions: Read the problem entirely Get a feel for the whole problem; List information and the variables you identify. The school year is off to a roaring start, and this is the year that I figure out how to teach problem solving strategies (and continue making students show their problem solving strategies). Problem solving strategies are pivotal to word problems. In word problems, there are so many words that need decoding, extra information, and. Nov 12,  · Solving word problems relies on using short-term memory to read the problem, decide what is being asked, select numbers, and set up an equation. The steps above are key to lessening the burden on short-term memory. In other words, these rules are most important for students with weaker executive functions or who are anxious about math.