English literature - Wikipedia

 

jacobean period literature

Old English literature, or Anglo-Saxon literature, encompasses the surviving literature written in Old English in Anglo-Saxon England, in the period after the settlement of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes in England (Jutes and the Angles) c. , after the withdrawal of the Romans, and "ending soon after the Norman Conquest" in These works include genres such as epic poetry. English Literature Jacobean Age. Monday, November 09, English Literature No comments. called an Elizabethan dramatist and never the Jacobean. The period () in which he wrote is also called Shakespearean Age. 2. Ben Jonson, who had started in the Elizabethan period. The Jacobean Era refers to the period of time in English and Scottish history when James I ( - ) ruled. With the death of Elizabeth I, power transferred to the Stuarts, the ruling family of Scotland. As the first Stuart ruler, James I clashed with Parliament over divine right and tax collection, but he also pursued colonization in America.


Jacobean literature | English literature | known-ebook.ga


Elizabethan literature generally reflects the exuberant self-confidence of a nation expanding its powers, increasing its wealth, and thus keeping at bay its serious social and religious problems.

Disillusion and pessimism followed, however, during the unstable jacobean period literature of James I — The 17th cent. Jacobean literature begins with the drama, jacobean period literature, including some of Shakespeare's greatest, and darkest, jacobean period literature, plays. The dominant literary figure of James's reign was Ben Jonsonwhose varied and dramatic works followed classical models and were enriched by his jacobean period literature, peculiarly English wit.

His satiric dramas, notably the great Volponeall take a cynical view of human nature. Novelty was in great demand, and the possibilities of plot and genre were exploited almost to exhaustion. Drama continued to flourish until the closing of the theaters at the onset of the English Revolution in The foremost poets of the Jacobean era, Jacobean period literature Jonson and John Donneare regarded as the originators of two diverse poetic traditions—the Cavalier and the metaphysical see Cavalier poets and metaphysical poets.

Jonson and Donne shared not only a common fund of literary resources, but also a dryness of wit and precision of expression. Donne's poetry is distinctive for its passionate intellection, Jonson's for its classicism and urbane guidance of passion.

The greatest of the Cavalier poets was the sensuously lyrical Robert Herrick. Although ranked with the metaphysical poets, the highly individual Andrew Marvell partook of the traditions of both Donne and Jonson. Among the leading prose writers of the Jacobean period were the translators who produced the classic King James Version of the Bible and the divines Lancelot AndrewesJeremy Taylorand John Donne.

The work of Francis Bacon helped shape philosophical and scientific method. Robert Burton 's Anatomy of Melancholy offers a varied, virtually encyclopedic view of the moral and intellectual preoccupations of the 17th cent. Like Burton, Sir Thomas Browne sought to reconcile the mysteries of religion with the newer mysteries of science.

Izaak Waltonauthor of The Compleat Anglerproduced a number of graceful biographies of prominent writers. Thomas Hobbes wrote the most influential political treatise of the age, Leviathan The Jacobean era's most fiery and eloquent author of political tracts many in defense of Cromwell's government, of which he was a member was also one of the greatest of all English poets, John Milton.

His Paradise Lost is a Christian epic jacobean period literature encompassing scope. In Milton the literary and philosophical heritage of the Renaissance merged with Protestant political and moral conviction. With the restoration of the English monarchy in the person of Charles II, literary tastes widened. The lifting of Puritan restrictions jacobean period literature the reassembling of the court led to a relaxation of restraints, both moral and stylistic, embodied in such figures as the Earl of Rochester.

Restoration comedy reveals both the influence of French farce the English court spent its exile in France and of Jacobean comedy. It generously fed the public's appetite for broad satire, high style, jacobean period literature, and a licentiousness that justified the worst Puritan imaginings. John Dryden began as a playwright but became the foremost poet and critic of his time. His greatest works are satirical narrative poems, notably Absalom and Achitophelin which prominent contemporary figures are unmistakably and devastatingly portrayed.

Another satiric poet of the period was Samuel Butlerjacobean period literature, whose Hudibras satirizes Puritanism together with all the intellectual pretensions of the time.

During the Restoration Puritanism or, more generally, the Dissenting tradition, remained vital. The most important Dissenting literary work was John Bunyan 's Pilgrim's Progressan allegorical prose narrative that is considered a forerunner of the novel. Lively and illuminating glimpses of Restoration manners and mores are provided by the diaries of Samuel Pepys and John Evelyn.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, jacobean period literature, 6th ed. All rights reserved. See more Encyclopedia articles on: English Literature, 20th cent.

 

Jacobean era - Wikipedia

 

jacobean period literature

 

The Jacobean Era refers to the period of time in English and Scottish history when James I ( - ) ruled. With the death of Elizabeth I, power transferred to the Stuarts, the ruling family of Scotland. As the first Stuart ruler, James I clashed with Parliament over divine right and tax collection, but he also pursued colonization in America. Characteristics of Jacobean Literature. Shakespeare remained the most important figure in the field of Jacobean literature. However, after his death, Ben Jonson became an eminent dramatist and the best poet produced by the Jacobean period. The role of Ben Jonson is also regarded as significant in literature as he invented the sub-genre of masque. The successor to Elizabethan literature, Jacobean literature was often dark in mood, questioning the stability of the social order; some of William Shakespeare’s greatest tragedies may date from the beginning of the period, and other dramatists, including John .